The Bourbon Red Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is named for its unique reddish plumage and for Bourbon County, Kentucky. In the past, the breed has alternatively been called Kentucky Reds and Bourbon Butternuts. The bird originated in Kentucky and Pennsylvania in the late 19th century, and was created by crossing Buff, Standard Bronze, and White Holland Turkeys. It was first recognised as a turkey variety by the American Poultry Association in 1909.
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