The Alexandrine parakeet or Alexandrian parrot (Psittacula eupatria) is named after Alexander the Great, who is credited with the exporting of numerous specimens of this bird from Punjab into various European and Mediterranean countries and regions, where they were considered prized possessions for the nobles, royalty & warlords. The species name eupatria has its origins from Greek. Where the prefix eu translates into good or noble and the suffix patria is a Greek word translating as either fatherland or ancestry. Consequently, the species' scientific name means something in the line "of noble ancestry", "of noble fatherland" or "of noble nation". The Alexandrine Parrot is often confused with other types of Ringnecks. The main differences are that Alexandrines are mostly green, have larger beaks, have maroon patches on their wings, and have red beaks with yellow tips. The adult males have pitch black rings on their necks with pink bands on their napes, while the female’s rings are more grey.