The spectacled warbler (Sylvia conspicillata) male has a grey head and the white eye ring which gives the species its name. It is brown above and buff below, with chestnut wing patches and a white throat. This bird is very difficult to observe as it is always hiding between the bushes, though its calling is very easy to distinguish it from other birds. It normally flies low between bushes, perching briefly on bush tops and then diving into dense cover. In breeding season it gets easier to see it when it displays and signs more often on the top of bushes. It breeds in north west Africa, southwest Europe from Iberia to Italy, and then further east on the eastern Mediterranean islands and coastal regions. It is mainly resident in Africa, but other populations migrate to winter in more widely in north and west Africa and Egypt.