The collared pratincole (Glareola pratincola), also known as the common pratincole or red-winged pratincole, is named for the band of black plumage that runs around the throat giving the appearance of a necklace or a collar. It gets its genus name from the Latin glarea, "gravel", referring to a typical nesting habitat for pratincoles. The species name pratincola means an inhabitant of meadows, from Latin pratum, prati, "meadow" and incola, "inhabitant", from incolere, "to inhabit". The collared pratincole breeds in southern Europe, north and central Africa, and central Asia, and migrates south during winter to southern Africa and India. Breeding adults have cream-coloured throats.