Tristram's starling or Tristram's grackle (Onychognathus tristramii) is named after English clergyman Reverend Henry Baker Tristram (1822 - 1906) – a Bible scholar, traveller and ornithologist. Males have glossy iridescent black plumage with orange patches on the outer wing. The bill and legs are black. Females and young birds are similar but duller and with a greyish head, lacking the plumage gloss. Tristram's Starling is native to Israel, Jordan, northeastern Egypt (Sinai Peninsula), western Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman, nesting mainly on rocky cliff faces.