The broad scarlet dragonfly (Crocothemis erythraea) is also known as the scarlet dragonfly, common scarlet-darter, and scarlet darter. The male has a bright scarlet red, widened abdomen, with small amber patches at the bases of the hindwings. The veins on the leading edges of the wings are red. Females and immatures are yellow-brown and have a conspicuous pale stripe along the top of the thorax. It is common in southern Europe, Africa, and western Asia.