The pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) has a limited world distribution – there are two distinct populations. The first breeds in Greenland and Iceland and winters in Britain. The second mates in Svalbard (a Norwegian archipelago between mainland Norway and the North Pole) and winters in the Netherlands and Denmark. Pink-footed Geese have a huge carbon footprint. This is not caused by bodily gas emissions; rather it is caused by their grubbing in Artic soil for food, which releases carbon from the ground. Each bird is responsible for more than 100kg of carbon-dioxide emissions each year.