The golden pheasant or Chinese pheasant, (Chrysolophus pictus) is native to the mountainous forests of Western and Central China. Golden pheasants are one of the most popular of all pheasant species kept in captivity because of its beautiful plumage and hardy nature. In fact, records as early as 1740 suggest this pheasant was the first species of pheasant brought to North America. Historians say there is evidence that even George Washington may have kept them at Mt. Vernon. The male has beautiful plumage and a crest of golden feathers. The female is plainer with various shades of brown and streaked black. They move in pairs or alone and are very shy and alert to danger. They have short wings and are reluctant to fly, preferring to run. It is also known as the rainbow pheasant.