The Northern Ground-hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus), also known as the Abyssinian ground hornbill, is an African bird, found north of the equator. It is one of the two largest species of hornbill, the other being the southern ground hornbill. It reportedly averages around 90 to 100 cm (35 to 39 in) tall, around 110 cm (43 in) and weighs approximately 4 kg (8.8 lb). Northern ground hornbill males have blue and red throat skin and a blue area around the eye, females have only bare blue skin both around the eye and throat. Modified feathers form long eyelashes, which protect their eyes from dust. They are found in savanna, sub-desert scrub, and rocky areas, in the Ethiopian region across a wide area of north-central Africa, from southern Mauritania and Guinea in the west to Ethiopia, northwest Somalia, northeast Kenya, and northern Uganda in the east.
See also: Southern Ground Hornbill